Excerpted from Landscape Architecture Technical Information Series (LATIS) publication Security Design and the Landscape Architect. A thriving street tree is another perimeter security element whose value as a physical barrier and an element that enhances the streetscape and pedestrian experience, should not be dismissed. Proximity to major transportation routes such as rail lines, highways, and waterways need to be evaluated as to their potential value as terrorist target and possible collateral impact on the development site. The size of the adjacent streets, volume of traffic and whether they are one way or support two way traffic helps determine the where vehicular access points should be located. Disclaimer, Unified Facilities Guide Specifications (UFGS), Threat/Vulnerability Assessments and Risk Analysis, Ammunition and Explosive Storage Magazines, Aesthetics—Understanding the Language and Elements of Design, Aesthetics—Engage the Integrated Design Process, Secure / Safe—Security for Building Occupants and Assets, Security and Site Design: A Landscape Architectural Approach to Analysis, Assessment and Design Implementation. For general safety, pedestrian/vehicular conflicts should be minimized by providing pedestrian walks and clearly delineated crosswalks. Continuous lighting is the most common security lighting system which consists of fixed lights arranged to flood an area continuously during darkness with overlapping cones of light to the desired illumination level. They should be coordinated with the hardening of the building, with vehicles able to have relatively close access to the building façade and lobby. Reducing the speed of a vehicle has a much greater impact on its ability to ram and breakthrough a barrier than does limiting the size of the vehicle. V10: Updated landscape to include additional elements for greater coverage- Legal & Reg, Backup, Change Mgmt, Config and Asset Mgmt, extended Service Operations block, reorganised central security services, OSA is sponsored by ADAvault.com Cardano Stake Pool. Design entry points to allow adequate assessment of authorization of approaching vehicles, while maintaining the safety of gate guards and other vehicles approaching the entry point and without disrupting pedestrian or traffic flow. 9 . Off-site evaluation of land uses and their relationship to security is a critical first step in evaluating an existing building or making a determination on an initial site selection. Wherever possible, it is best to place unsecured (high levels of visitors) or high risk areas (like parking) outside the building footprint, and locate critical assets inside the building. Loading docks should be located so that vehicles will not be allowed under the building, if possible, and if not, driveways under the building for vehicular traffic should be as limited as possible. This type of barrier can be visually problematic if it is not integrated with the other related site elements. Whether utilizing natural or manmade barriers, a vehicle should not be allowed the opportunity to circumvent the entry control point. Therefore the two authors of this article dare to propose a landscape here, that we hope with the help of the community (that is YOU :-) can be refined over time to give a useful reference for OSA as well as the wider world. Nor can the security of all buildings and sites be addressed with the same "one size fits all" or "cookie cutter" approach. Of special note for care and concern is the protection of any trees, particularly street trees. Many of these considerations, such as initial site selection and the orientation of the building(s) on the site, must take place early in the design process. This can have a detrimental effect on the root system of a tree. Pervious pavements (such as pervious concrete, pervious asphalt and unit pavers installed on a pervious base) can allow storm water to filter through and back into the ground. Distance is the most cost-effective approach to mitigating the effects of blast. In contrast, situating a building adjacent to an area or building at a higher elevation can create a situation that allows for unwanted surveillance. A low wall along the curb line does not always need to be a planter to restrict vehicles. Fencing provides a strong psychological deterrent but has proven to provide only a limited entry delay to motivated aggressors. 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